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常用的中英文对照版无损检测名词技术术语


  在不损伤构件性能和完整性的前提下,检测构件金属的某些物理性能和组织状态,以及查明构件金属表面和内部各种缺陷的技术。无损检测仪器,是指对材料或工件实施一种不损害或不影响其未来使用性能或用途的检测仪器,如超声波测厚仪涂层测厚仪电火花检测仪电火花检漏仪)都属于无损检测仪器。以下是一些常用的中英文对照版无损检测名词技术术语。
A.C magnetic saturation 交流磁饱和 
Absorbed dose 吸收剂量 
Absorbed dose rate 吸收剂量率 
Acceptanc limits 验收范围 
Acceptance level 验收水平 
Acceptance standard 验收标准 
Accumulation test 累积检测 
Acoustic emission count(emission count) 声发射计数(发射计数) 
Acoustic emission transducer 声发射换能器(声发射传感器) 
Acoustic emission(AE) 声发射 
Acoustic holography 声全息术 
Acoustic impedance 声阻抗 
Acoustic impedance matching 声阻抗匹配 
Acoustic impedance method 声阻法 
Acoustic wave 声波 
Acoustical lens 声透镜 
Acoustic—ultrasonic 声-超声(AU) 
Activation 活化 
Activity 活度 
Adequate shielding 安全屏蔽 
Ampere turns 安匝数 
Amplitude 幅度 
Angle beam method 斜射法 
Angle of incidence 入射角 
Angle of reflection 反射角 
Angle of spread 指向角 
Angle of squint 偏向角 
Angle probe 斜探头 
Angstrom unit 埃(A) 
Area amplitude response curve 面积幅度曲线 
Area of interest 评定区 
Arliflcial disconlinuity 人工不连续性 
Artifact 假缺陷 
Artificial defect 人工缺陷 
Artificial discontinuity 标准人工缺陷 
A-scan A型扫描 
A-scope; A-scan A型显示 
Attenuation coefficient 衰减系数 
Attenuator 衰减器 
Audible leak indicator 音响泄漏指示器 
Automatic testing 自动检测 
Autoradiography 自射线照片 
Avaluation 评定 
Barium concrete 钡混凝土 
Barn 靶 
Base fog 片基灰雾 
Bath 槽液 
Bayard- Alpert ionization gage B- A型电离计 
Beam 声束 
Beam ratio 光束比 
Beam angle 束张角 
Beam axis 声束轴线 
Beam index 声束入射点 
Beam path location 声程定位 
Beam path; path length 声程 
Beam spread 声束扩散 
Betatron 电子感应加速器 
Bimetallic strip gage 双金属片计 
Bipolar field 双极磁场 
Black light filter 黑光滤波器 
Black light; ultraviolet radiation 黑光 
Blackbody 黑体 
Blackbody equivalent temperature 黑体等效温度 
Bleakney mass spectrometer 波利克尼质谱仪 
Bleedout 渗出 
Bottom echo 底面回波 
Bottom surface 底面 
Boundary echo(first) 边界一次回波 Bremsstrahlung 轫致辐射 
Broad-beam condition 宽射束 
Brush application 刷涂 
B-scan presenfation B型扫描显示 
B-scope; B-scan B型显示 
C- scan C型扫描 
Calibration,instrument 设备校准 
Capillary action 毛细管作用 
Carrier fluid 载液 
Carry over of penetrate 渗透剂移转 
Cassette 暗合 
Cathode 阴极 
Central conductor 中心导体 
Central conductor method 中心导体法 
Characteristic curve 特性曲线 
Characteristic curve of film 胶片特性曲线 
Characteristic radiation 特征辐射 
Chemical fog 化学灰雾 
Cine-radiography 射线(活动)电影摄影术 
Cintact pads 接触垫 
Circumferential coils 圆环线圈 
Circumferential field 周向磁场 
Circumferential magnetization method 周向磁化法 
Clean 清理 
Clean- up 清除 
Clearing time 定透时间 
Coercive force 矫顽力 
Coherence 相干性 
Coherence length 相干长度(谐波列长度) 
Coi1,test 测试线圈 
Coil size 线圈大小 
Coil spacing 线圈间距 
Coil technique 线圈技术 
Coil method 线圈法 
Coilreference 线圈参考 
Coincidence discrimination 符合鉴别 
Cold-cathode ionization gage 冷阴极电离计 
Collimator 准直器 
Collimation 准直 
Collimator 准直器 
Combined colour comtrast and fluorescent penetrant 着色荧光渗透剂 
Compressed air drying 压缩空气干燥 
Compressional wave 压缩波 
Compton scatter 康普顿散射 
Continuous emission 连续发射 
Continuous linear array 连续线阵 
Continuous method 连续法 
Continuous spectrum 连续谱 
Continuous wave 连续波 
Contract stretch 对比度宽限 
Contrast 对比度 
Contrast agent 对比剂 
Contrast aid 反差剂 
Contrast sensitivity 对比灵敏度 
Control echo 监视回波 
Control echo 参考回波 
Couplant 耦合剂 
Coupling 耦合 
Coupling losses 耦合损失 
Cracking 裂解 
Creeping wave 爬波 
Critical angle 临界角 
Cross section 横截面 
Cross talk 串音 
Cross-drilled hole 横孔 
Crystal 晶片 
C-scope; C-scan C型显示 
Curie point 居里点 
Curie temperature 居里温度 
Curie(Ci) 居里 
Current flow method 通电法 
Current induction method 电流感应法
Current magnetization method 电流磁化法
Cut-off level 截止电平 
Dead zone 盲区 
Decay curve 衰变曲线 
Decibel(dB) 分贝 
Defect 缺陷 
Defect resolution 缺陷分辨力 
Defect detection sensitivity 缺陷检出灵敏度 
Defect resolution 缺陷分辨力 
Definition 清晰度 
Definition, image definition 清晰度,图像清晰度 
Demagnetization 退磁 
Demagnetization factor 退磁因子 
Demagnetizer 退磁装置 
Densitometer 黑度计 
Density 黑度(底片) 
Density comparison strip 黑度比较片 
Detecting medium 检验介质 
Detergent remover 洗净液 
Developer 显像剂 
Developer station 显像工位 
Developer, agueons 水性显象剂 
Developer, dry 干显象剂 
Developer, liquid film 液膜显象剂 
Developer, nonaqueous (sus- pendible) 非水(可悬浮)显象剂 
Developing time 显像时间 
Development 显影 
Diffraction mottle 衍射斑 
Diffuse indications 松散指示 
Diffusion 扩散 
Digital image acquisition system 数字图像识别系统 
Dilatational wave 膨胀波 
Dip and drain station 浸渍和流滴工位 
Direct contact magnetization 直接接触磁化 
Direct exposure imaging 直接曝光成像 
Direct contact method 直接接触法 
Directivity 指向性 
Discontinuity 不连续性 
Distance- gain- size-German AVG 距离- 增益- 尺寸(DGS德文为AVG) 
Distance marker; time marker 距离刻度 
Dose equivalent 剂量当量 
Dose rate meter 剂量率计 
Dosemeter 剂量计 
Double crystal probe 双晶片探头 
Double probe technique 双探头法 
Double transceiver technique 双发双收法 
Double traverse technique 二次波法 
Dragout 带出 
Drain time 滴落时间 
Drain time 流滴时间 
Drift 漂移 
Dry method 干法 
Dry powder 干粉 
Dry technique 干粉技术 
Dry developer 干显像剂 
Dry developing cabinet 干显像柜 
Dry method 干粉法 
Drying oven 干燥箱 
Drying station 干燥工位 
Drying time 干燥时间 
D-scope; D-scan D型显示 
Dual search unit 双探头 
Dual-focus tube 双焦点管 
Duplex-wire image quality indicator 双线像质指示器 
Duration 持续时间 
Dwell time 停留时间 
Dye penetrant 着色渗透剂 
Dynamic leak test 动态泄漏检测 
Dynamic leakage measurement 动态泄漏测量 
Dynamic range 动态范围Dynamic radiography 动态射线透照术 
Echo 回波 
Echo frequency 回波频率 
Echo height 回波高度 
Echo indication 回波指示 
Echo transmittance of sound pressure 往复透过率 
Echo width 回波宽度 
Eddy current 涡流 
Eddy current flaw detector 涡流探伤仪 
Eddy current testiog 涡流检测 
Edge 端面 
Edge effect 边缘效应 
Edge echo 棱边回波 
Edge effect 边缘效应 
Effective depth penetration (EDP) 有效穿透深度 
Effective focus size 有效焦点尺寸 
Effective magnetic permeability 有效磁导率 
Effective permeability 有效磁导率 
Effective reflection surface of flaw 缺陷有效反射面 
Effective resistance 有效电阻 
Elastic medium 弹性介质 
Electric displacement 电位移 
Electrical center 电中心 
Electrode 电极 
Electromagnet 电磁铁 
Electro-magnetic acoustic transducer 电磁声换能器 
Electromagnetic induction 电磁感应 
Electromagnetic radiation 电磁辐射 
Electromagnetic testing 电磁检测 
Electro-mechanical coupling factor 机电耦合系数 
Electron radiography 电子辐射照相术 
Electron volt 电子伏恃 
Electronic noise 电子噪声 
Electrostatic spraying 静电喷涂 
Emulsification 乳化 
Emulsification time 乳化时间 
Emulsifier 乳化剂 
Encircling coils 环绕式线圈 
End effect 端部效应 
Energizing cycle 激励周期 
Equalizing filter 均衡滤波器 
Equivalent 当量 
Equivalent I.Q. I. Sensitivity 象质指示器当量灵敏度 
Equivalent nitrogen pressure 等效氮压 
Equivalent penetrameter sensifivty 透度计当量灵敏度 
Equivalent method 当量法 
Erasabl optical medium 可探光学介质 
Etching 浸蚀 
Evaluation 评定 
Evaluation threshold 评价阈值 
Event count 事件计数 
Event count rate 事件计数率 
Examination area 检测范围 
Examination region 检验区域 
Exhaust pressure/discharge pressure 排气压力 
Exhaust tubulation 排气管道 
Expanded time-base sweep 时基线展宽 
Exposure 曝光 
Exposure table 曝光表格 
Exposure chart 曝光曲线 
Exposure fog 曝光灰雾 
Exposure,radiographic exposure 曝光,射线照相曝光 
Extended source 扩展源 
Facility scattered neutrons 条件散射中子False indication 假指示 
Family 族 
Far field 远场 
Feed-through coil 穿过式线圈 
Field, resultant magnetic 复合磁场 
Fill factor 填充系数 
Film speed 胶片速度 
Film badge 胶片襟章剂量计 
Film base 片基 
Film contrast 胶片对比度 
Film gamma 胶片γ值 
Film processing 胶片冲洗加工 
Film speed 胶片感光度 
Film unsharpness 胶片不清晰度 
Film viewing screen 观察屏 
Filter 滤波器/滤光板 
Final test 复探 
Flat-bottomed hole 平底孔 
Flat-bottomed hole equivalent 平底孔当量 
Flaw 伤 
Flaw characterization 伤特性 
Flaw echo 缺陷回波 
Flexural wave 弯曲波 
Floating threshold 浮动阀值 
Fluorescence 荧光 
Fluorescent examination method 荧光检验法 
Fluorescent magnetic particle inspection 荧光磁粉检验 
Fluorescent dry deposit penetrant 干沉积荧光渗透剂 
Fluorescent light 荧光 
Fluorescent magnetic powder 荧光磁粉 
Fluorescent penetrant 荧光渗透剂 
Fluorescent screen 荧光屏 
Fluoroscopy 荧光检查法 
Flux leakage field 磁通泄漏场 
Flux lines 磁通线 
Focal spot 焦点 
Focal distance 焦距 
Focus length 焦点长度 
Focus size 焦点尺寸 
Focus width 焦点宽度 
Focus(electron) 电子焦点 
Focused beam 聚焦声束 
Focusing probe 聚焦探头 
Focus-to-film distance(f.f.d) 焦点-胶片距离(焦距) 
Fog 底片灰雾 
Fog density 灰雾密度 
Footcandle 英尺烛光 
Freguency 频率 
Frequency constant 频率常数 
Fringe 干涉带 
Front distance 前沿距离 
Front distance of flaw 缺陷前沿距离 
Full- wave direct current(FWDC) 全波直流 
Fundamental frequency 基频 
Furring 毛状迹痕 
Gage pressure 表压 
Gain 增益 
Gamma radiography γ射线透照术 
Gamma ray source γ射线源 
Gamma ray source container γ射线源容器 
Gamma rays γ射线 
Gamma-ray radiographic equipment γ射线透照装置 
Gap scanning 间隙扫查 
Gas 气体 
Gate 闸门 
Gating technique 选通技术 
Gauss 高斯 
Geiger-Muller counter 盖革.弥勒计数器 
Geometric unsharpness 几何不清晰度 
Gray(Gy) 戈瑞 
Grazing incidence 掠入射 
Grazing angle 掠射角 
Group velocity 群速度 
Half life 半衰期 
Half- wave current (HW) 半波电流Half-value layer(HVL) 半值层 
Half-value method 半波高度法 
Halogen 卤素 
Halogen leak detector 卤素检漏仪 
Hard X-rays 硬X射线 
Hard-faced probe 硬膜探头 
Harmonic analysis 谐波分析 
Harmonic distortion 谐波畸变 
Harmonics 谐频 
Head wave 头波 
Helium bombing 氦轰击法 
Helium drift 氦漂移 
Helium leak detector 氦检漏仪 
Hermetically tight seal 气密密封 
High vacuum 高真空 
High energy X-rays 高能X射线 
Holography (optical) 光全息照相 
Holography, acoustic 声全息 
Hydrophilic emulsifier 亲水性乳化剂 
Hydrophilic remover 亲水性洗净剂 
Hydrostatic text 流体静力检测 
Hysteresis 磁滞 
Hysteresis 磁滞 
IACS IACS 
ID coil ID线圈 
Image definition 图像清晰度 
Image contrast 图像对比度 
Image enhancement 图像增强 
Image magnification 图像放大 
Image quality 图像质量 
Image quality indicator sensitivity 像质指示器灵敏度 
Image quality indicator(IQI)/image quality indication 像质指示器 
Imaging line scanner 图像线扫描器 
Immersion probe 液浸探头 
Immersion rinse 浸没清洗 
Immersion testing 液浸法 
Immersion time 浸没时间 
Impedance 阻抗 
Impedance plane diagram 阻抗平面图 
Imperfection 不完整性 
Impulse eddy current testing 脉冲涡流检测 
Incremental permeability 增量磁导率 
Indicated defect area 缺陷指示面积 
Indicated defect length 缺陷指示长度 
Indication 指示 
Indirect exposure 间接曝光 
Indirect magnetization 间接磁化 
Indirect magnetization method 间接磁化法 
Indirect scan 间接扫查 
Induced field 感应磁场 
Induced current method 感应电流法 
Infrared imaging system 红外成象系统 
Infrared sensing device 红外扫描器 
Inherent fluorescence 固有荧光 
Inherent filtration 固有滤波 
Initial permeability 起始磁导率 
Initial pulse 始脉冲 
Initial pulse width 始波宽度 
Inserted coil 插入式线圈 
Inside coil 内部线圈 
Inside- out testing 外泄检测 
Inspection 检查 
Inspection medium 检查介质 
Inspection frequency/ test frequency 检测频率 
Intensifying factor 增感系数 
Intensifying screen 增感屏 
Interal,arrival time (Δtij)/arrival time interval(Δtij) 到达时间差(Δtij) 
Interface boundary 界面 
Interface echo 界面回波 
Interface trigger 界面触发 
Interference 干涉 
Interpretation 解释 
Ion pump 离子泵 
Ion source 离子源 
Ionization chamber 电离室 
Ionization potential 电离电位 
Ionization vacuum gage 电离真空计 
Ionography 电离射线透照术 
Irradiance, E 辐射通量密度, E 
Isolation 隔离检测 
Isotope 同位素 
K value K值 
Kaiser effect 凯塞(Kaiser)效应 
Kilo volt kv 千伏特 
Kiloelectron volt keV千电子伏特 
Krypton 85 氪85 
L/D ratio L/D比 
Lamb wave 兰姆波 
Latent image 潜象 
Lateral scan 左右扫查 
Lateral scan with oblique angle 斜平行扫查 
Latitude (of an emulsion) 胶片宽容度 
Lead screen 铅屏 
Leak 泄漏孔 
Leak artifact 泄漏器 
Leak detector 检漏仪 
Leak testtion 泄漏检测 
Leakage field 泄漏磁场 
Leakage rate 泄漏率 
Leechs 磁吸盘 
Lift-off effect 提离效应 
Light intensity 光强度 
Limiting resolution 极限分辨率 
Line scanner 线扫描器 
Line focus 线焦点 
Line pair pattern 线对检测图 
Line pairs per millimetre 每毫米线对数 
Linear (electron) accelerator(LINAC) 电子直线加速器 
Linear attenuation coefficient 线衰减系数 
Linear scan 线扫查 
Linearity (time or distance) 线性(时间或距离) 
Linearity, anplitude 幅度线性 
Lines of force 磁力线 
Lipophilic emulsifier 亲油性乳化剂 
Lipophilic remover 亲油性洗净剂 
Liquid penetrant examination 液体渗透检验 
Liquid film developer 液膜显像剂 
Local magnetization 局部磁化 
Local magnetization method 局部磁化法 
Local scan 局部扫查 
Localizing cone 定域喇叭筒 
Location 定位 
Location accuracy 定位精度 
Location computed 定位,计算 
Location marker 定位标记 
Location upon delta-T 时差定位 
Location, clusfer 定位,群集 
Location,continuous AE signal 定位,连续AE信号 
Longitudinal field 纵向磁场 
Longitudinal magnetization method 纵向磁化法 
Longitudinal resolution 纵向分辨率 
Longitudinal wave 纵波 
Longitudinal wave probe 纵波探头 
Longitudinal wave technique 纵波法 
Loss of back reflection 背面反射损失 
Loss of back reflection 底面反射损失 
Love wave 乐甫波 
Low energy gamma radiation 低能γ辐射 
Low-enerugy photon radiation 低能光子辐射 
Luminance 亮度 
Luminosity 流明 
Lusec 流西克 
Maga or million electron volts MeV兆电子伏特 
Magnetic history 磁化史 
Magnetic hysteresis 磁性滞后 
Magnetic particle field indication 磁粉磁场指示器 
Magnetic particle inspection flaw indications 磁粉检验的伤显示 
Magnetic circuit 磁路 
Magnetic domain 磁畴 
Magnetic field distribution 磁场分布 
Magnetic field indicator 磁场指示器 
Magnetic field meter 磁场计 
Magnetic field strength 磁场强度(H) 
Magnetic field/field,magnetic 磁场 
Magnetic flux 磁通 
Magnetic flux density 磁通密度 
Magnetic force 磁化力 
Magnetic leakage field 漏磁场 
Magnetic leakage flux 漏磁通 
Magnetic moment 磁矩 
Magnetic particle 磁粉 
Magnetic particle indication 磁痕 
Magnetic particle testing/magnetic particle examination 磁粉检测 
Magnetic permeability 磁导率 
Magnetic permeability 磁导率 
Magnetic pole 磁极 
Magnetic saturataion 磁饱和 
Magnetic saturation 磁饱和 
Magnetic slorage meclium 磁储介质 
Magnetic writing 磁写 
Magnetizing 磁化 
Magnetizing current 磁化电流 
Magnetizing coil 磁化线圈 
Magnetostrictive effect 磁致伸缩效应 
Magnetostrictive transducer 磁致伸缩换能器 
Main beam 主声束 
Manual testing 手动检测 
Markers 时标 
MA-scope; MA-scan MA型显示 
Masking 遮蔽 
Mass attcnuation coefficient 质量吸收系数 
Mass number 质量数 
Mass spectrometer (M.S.) 质谱仪 
Mass spectrometer leak detector 质谱检漏仪 
Mass spectrum 质谱 
Master/slave discrimination 主从鉴别 
MDTD 最小可测温度差 
Mean free path 平均自由程 
Medium vacuum 中真空 
Mega or million volt MV兆伏特 
Micro focus X - ray tube 微焦点X 光管 
Microfocus radiography 微焦点射线透照术 
Micrometre 微米 
Micron of mercury 微米汞柱 
Microtron 电子回旋加速器 
Milliampere 毫安(mA) 
Millimetre of mercury 毫米汞柱 
Minifocus x- ray tube 小焦点调射线管 
Minimum detectable leakage rate 最小可探泄漏率 
Minimum resolvable temperature difference (MRTD)最小可分辨温度差(MRDT) 
Mode 波型 
Mode conversion 波型转换 
Mode transformation 波型转换 
Moderator 慢化器 
Modulation transfer function (MTF) 调制转换功能(MTF) 
Modulation analysis 调制分析 
Molecular flow 分子流 
Molecular leak 分子泄漏 
Monitor 监控器 
Monochromatic 单色波 
Movement unsharpness 移动不清晰度 
Moving beam radiography 可动射束射线透照术 
Multiaspect magnetization method 多向磁化法 
Multidirectional magnetization 多向磁化 
Multifrequency eddy current testiog 多频涡流检测 
Multiple back reflections 多次背面反射 
Multiple reflections 多次反射 
Multiple back reflections 多次底面反射 
Multiple echo method 多次反射法 
Multiple probe technique 多探头法 
Multiple triangular array 多三角形阵列 
Narrow beam condition 窄射束 
NC NC 
Near field 近场 
Near field length 近场长度 
Near surface defect 近表面缺陷 
Net density 净黑度 
Net density 净(光学)密度 
Neutron 中子 
Neutron radiograhy 中子射线透照 
Neutron radiography 中子射线透照术 
Newton (N) 牛顿 
Nier mass spectrometer 尼尔质谱仪 
Noise 噪声 
Noise 噪声 
Noise equivalent temperature difference (NETD) 噪声当量温度差(NETD) 
Nominal angle 标称角度 
Nominal frequency 标称频率 
Non-aqueous liquid developer 非水性液体显像剂 
Noncondensable gas 非冷凝气体 
Nondcstructivc Examination(NDE) 无损试验 
Nondestructive Evaluation(NDE) 无损评价 
Nondestructive Inspection(NDI) 无损检验 
Nondestructive Testing(NDT) 无损检测 
Nonerasble optical data 可固定光学数据 
Nonferromugnetic material 非铁磁性材料 
Nonrelevant indication 非相关指示 
Non-screen-type film 非增感型胶片 
Normal incidence 垂直入射(亦见直射声束) 
Normal permeability 标准磁导率 
Normal beam method; straight beam method 垂直法 
Normal probe 直探头 
Normalized reactance 归一化电抗 
Normalized resistance 归一化电阻 
Nuclear activity 核活性 
Nuclide 核素 
Object plane resolution 物体平面分辨率 
Object scattered neutrons 物体散射中子 
Object beam 物体光束 
Object beam angle 物体光束角 
Object-film distance 被检体-胶片距离Object一film distance 物体- 胶片距离 
Over development 显影过度 
Over emulsfication 过乳化 
Overall magnetization 整体磁化 
Overload recovery time 过载恢复时间 
Overwashing 过洗 
Oxidation fog 氧化灰雾 
P P 
Pair production 偶生成 
Pair production 电子对产生 
Pair production 电子偶的产生 
Palladium barrier leak detector 钯屏检漏仪 
Panoramic exposure 全景曝光 
Parallel scan 平行扫查 
Paramagnetic material 顺磁性材料 
Parasitic echo 干扰回波 
Partial pressure 分压 
Particle content 磁悬液浓度 
Particle velocity 质点(振动)速度 
Pascal (Pa) 帕斯卡(帕) 
Pascal cubic metres per second 帕立方米每秒(Pa•m3/s ) 
Path length 光程长 
Path length difference 光程长度差 
Pattern 探伤图形 
Peak current 峰值电流 
Penetrameter 透度计 
Penetrameter sensitivity 透度计灵敏度 
Penetrant 渗透剂 
Penetrant comparator 渗透对比试块 
Penetrant flaw detection 渗透探伤 
Penetrant removal 渗透剂去除 
Penetrant station 渗透工位 
Penetrant, water- washable 水洗型渗透剂 
Penetration 穿透深度 
Penetration time 渗透时间 
Permanent magnet 永久磁铁 
Permeability coefficient 透气系数 
Permeability,a-c 交流磁导率 
Permeability,d-c 直流磁导率 
Phantom echo 幻象回波 
Phase analysis 相位分析 
Phase angle 相位角 
Phase controlled circuit breaker 断电相位控制器 
Phase detection 相位检测 
Phase hologram 相位全息 
Phase sensitive detector 相敏检波器 
Phase shift 相位移 
Phase velocity 相速度 
Phase-sensitive system 相敏系统 
Phillips ionization gage 菲利浦电离计 
Phosphor 荧光物质 
Photo fluorography 荧光照相术 
Photoelectric absorption 光电吸收 
Photographic emulsion 照相乳剂 
Photographic fog 照相灰雾 
Photostimulable luminescence 光敏发光 
Piezoelectric effect 压电效应 
Piezoelectric material 压电材料 
Piezoelectric stiffness constant 压电劲度常数 
Piezoelectric stress constant 压电应力常数 
Piezoelectric transducer 压电换能器 
Piezoelectric voltage constant 压电电压常数 
Pirani gage 皮拉尼计 
Pirani gage 皮拉尼计 
Pitch and catch technique 一发一收法Pixel 象素 
Pixel size 象素尺寸 
Pixel, disply size 象素显示尺寸 
Planar array 平面阵(列) 
Plane wave 平面波 
Plate wave 板波 
Plate wave technique 板波法 
Point source 点源 
Post emulsification 后乳化 
Post emulsifiable penetrant 后乳化渗透剂 
Post-cleaning 后清除 
Post-cleaning 后清洗 
Powder 粉未 
Powder blower 喷粉器 
Powder blower 磁粉喷枪 
Pre-cleaning 预清理 
Pressure difference 压力差 
Pressure dye test 压力着色检测 
Pressure probe 压力探头 
Pressure testing 压力检测 
Pressure- evacuation test 压力抽空检测 
Pressure mark 压痕 
Pressure,design 设计压力 
Pre-test 初探 
Primary coil 一次线圈 
Primary radiation 初级辐射 
Probe gas 探头气体 
Probe test 探头检测 
Probe backing 探头背衬 
Probe coil 点式线圈 
Probe coil 探头式线圈 
Probe coil clearance 探头线圈间隙 
Probe index 探头入射点 
Probe to weld distance 探头-焊缝距离 
Probe/ search unit 探头 
Process control radiograph 工艺过程控制的射线照相 
Processing capacity 处理能力 
Processing speed 处理速度 
Prods 触头 
Projective radiography 投影射线透照术 
Proportioning probe 比例探头 
Protective material 防护材料 
Proton radiography 质子射线透照Pulse 脉冲波 
Pulse 脉冲 
Pulse echo method 脉冲回波法 
Pulse repetition rate 脉冲重复率 
Pulse amplitude 脉冲幅度 
Pulse echo method 脉冲反射法 
Pulse energy 脉冲能量 
Pulse envelope 脉冲包络 
Pulse length 脉冲长度 
Pulse repetition frequency 脉冲重复频率 
Pulse tuning 脉冲调谐 
Pump- out tubulation 抽气管道 
Pump-down time 抽气时间 
Q factor Q值 
Quadruple traverse technique 四次波法 
Quality (of a beam of radiation) 射线束的质 
Quality factor 品质因数 
Quenching 阻塞 
Quenching of fluorescence 荧光的猝灭 
Quick break 快速断间 
Rad(rad) 拉德 
Radiance, L 面辐射率,L 
Radiant existence, M 幅射照度M 
Radiant flux; radiant power,ψe 辐射通量、辐射功率、ψe 
Radiation 辐射 
Radiation does 辐射剂量 
Radio frequency (r- f) display 射频显示 
Radio- frequency mass spectrometer 射频质谱仪 
Radio frequency(r-f) display 射频显示Radiograph 射线底片 
Radiographic contrast 射线照片对比度 
Radiographic equivalence factor 射线照相等效系数 
Radiographic exposure 射线照相曝光量 
Radiographic inspection 射线检测 
Radiographic inspection 射线照相检验 
Radiographic quality 射线照相质量 
Radiographic sensitivity 射线照相灵敏度 
Radiographic contrast 射线底片对比度 
Radiographic equivalence factor 射线透照等效因子 
Radiographic inspection 射线透照检查 
Radiographic quality 射线透照质量 
Radiographic sensitivity 射线透照灵敏度 
Radiography 射线照相术 
Radiological examination 射线检验 
Radiology 射线学 
Radiometer 辐射计 
Radiometry 辐射测量术 
Radioscopy 射线检查法 
Range 量程 
Rayleigh wave 瑞利波 
Rayleigh scattering 瑞利散射 
Real image 实时图像 
Real-time radioscopy 实时射线检查法 
Rearm delay time 重新准备延时时间 
Rearm delay time 重新进入工作状态延迟时间 
Reciprocity failure 倒易律失效 
Reciprocity law 倒易律 
Recording medium 记录介质 
Recovery time 恢复时间 
Rectified alternating current 脉动直流电 
Reference block 参考试块 
Reference beam 参考光束 
Reference block 对比试块 
Reference block method 对比试块法 
Reference coil 参考线圈 
Reference line method 基准线法 
Reference standard 参考标准 
Reflection 反射 
Reflection coefficient 反射系数 
Reflection density 反射密度 
Reflector 反射体 
Refraction 折射 
Refractive index 折射率 
Refrence beam angle 参考光束角 
Reicnlbation 网纹 
Reject; suppression 抑制 
Rejection level 拒收水平 
Relative permeability 相对磁导率 
Relevant indication 相关指示 
Reluctance 磁阻 
Rem(rem) 雷姆 
Remote controlled testing 机械化检测 
Replenisers 补充剂 
Representative quality indicator 代表性质量指示器 
Residual magnetic field/field, residual magnetic 剩磁场 
Residual technique 剩磁技术 
Residual magnetic method 剩磁法 
Residual magnetism 剩磁 
Resistance (to flow) 气阻 
Resolution 分辨力 
Resonance method 共振法 
Response factor 响应系数 
Response time 响应时间 
Resultant field 复合磁场 
Resultant magnetic field 合成磁场Resultant magnetization method 组合磁化法 
Retentivity 顽磁性 
Reversal 反转现象 
Ring-down count 振铃计数 
Ring-down count rate 振铃计数率 
Rinse 清洗 
Rise time 上升时间 
Rise-time discrimination 上升时间鉴别 
Rod-anode tube 棒阳极管 
Roentgen(R) 伦琴 
Roof angle 屋顶角 
Rotational magnetic field 旋转磁场 
Rotational magnetic field method 旋转磁场法 
Rotational scan 转动扫查 
Roughing 低真空 
Roughing line 低真空管道 
Roughing pump 低真空泵 
S S 
Safelight 安全灯 
Sampling probe 取样探头 
Saturation 饱和 
Saturation,magnetic 磁饱和 
Saturation level 饱和电平 
Scan on grid lines 格子线扫查 
Scan pitch 扫查间距 
Scanning 扫查 
Scanning index 扫查标记 
Scanning directly on the weld 焊缝上扫查 
Scanning path 扫查轨迹 
Scanning sensitivity 扫查灵敏度 
Scanning speed 扫查速度 
Scanning zone 扫查区域 
Scattared energy 散射能量 
Scatter unsharpness 散射不清晰度 
Scattered neutrons 散射中子 
Scattered radiation 散射辐射 
Scattering 散射 
Schlieren system 施利伦系统 
Scintillation counter 闪烁计数器 
Scintillator and scintillating crystals 闪烁器和闪烁晶体 
Screen 屏 
Screen unsharpness 荧光增感屏不清晰度 
Screen-type film 荧光增感型胶片 
SE probe SE探头 
Search-gas 探测气体 
Second critical angle 第二临界角 
Secondary radiation 二次射线 
Secondary coil 二次线圈 
Secondary radiation 次级辐射 
Selectivity 选择性 
Semi-conductor detector 半导体探测器 
Sensitirity va1ue 灵敏度值 
Sensitivity 灵敏度 
Sensitivity of leak test 泄漏检测灵敏度 
Sensitivity control 灵敏度控制
Signal 信号 
Signal gradient 信号梯度 
Signal over load point 信号过载点 
Signal overload level 信号过载电平 
Signal to noise ratio 信噪比 
Single crystal probe 单晶片探头 
Single probe technique 单探头法 
Single traverse technique 一次波法 
Sizing technique 定量法 
Skin depth 集肤深度 
Skip distance 跨距
Skin effect 集肤效应 
Skip point 跨距点 
Sky shine(air scatter) 空中散射效应 
Sniffing probe 嗅吸探头 
Soft X-rays 软X射线 
Soft-faced probe 软膜探头 
Solarization 负感作用 
Solenoid 螺线管 
Soluble developer 可溶显像剂 
Solvent remover 溶剂去除剂 
Solvent cleaners 溶剂清除剂 
Solvent developer 溶剂显像剂 
Solvent remover 溶剂洗净剂 
Solvent-removal penetrant 溶剂去除型渗透剂 
Sorption 吸着 
Sound diffraction 声绕射 
Sound insulating layer 隔声层 
Sound intensity 声强 
Sound intensity level 声强级 
Sound pressure 声压 
Sound scattering 声散射 
Sound transparent layer 透声层 
Sound velocity 声速 
Source 源 
Source data label 放射源数据标签 
Source location 源定位 
Source size 源尺寸 
Source-film distance 射线源-胶片距离 
Spacial frequency 空间频率 
Spark coil leak detector 电火花线圈检漏仪 (电火花检测仪)
Specific activity 放射性比度 
Specified sensitivity 规定灵敏度 
Standard 标准 
Standard 标准试样 
Standard leak rate 标准泄漏率 
Standard leak 标准泄漏孔 
Standard tast block 标准试块 
Standardization instrument 设备标准化 
Standing wave; stationary wave 驻波 
Step wedge 阶梯楔块 
Step- wadge calibration film 阶梯楔块校准底片 
Step- wadge comparison film 阶梯楔块比较底片 
Step wedge 阶梯楔块 
Step-wedge calibration film 阶梯-楔块校准片 
Step-wedge comparison film 阶梯-楔块比较片 
Stereo-radiography 立体射线透照术 
Subject contrast 被检体对比度 
Subsurface discontinuity 近表面不连续性 
Suppression 抑制 
Surface echo 表面回波 
Surface field 表面磁场 
Surface noise 表面噪声 
Surface wave 表面波 
Surface wave probe 表面波探头 
Surface wave technique 表面波法 
Surge magnetization 脉动磁化 
Surplus sensitivity 灵敏度余量 
Suspension 磁悬液 
Sweep 扫描 
Sweep range 扫描范围 
Sweep speed 扫描速度 
Swept gain 扫描增益 
Swivel scan 环绕扫查 
System exanlillatien threshold 系统检验阈值 
System inclacel artifacts 系统感生物 
System noise 系统噪声 
Tackground, target 目标本底 
Tandem scan 串列扫查 
Target 耙 


Target 靶 
Television fluoroscopy 电视X射线荧光检查 
Temperature envelope 温度范围 
Tenth-value-layer(TVL) 十分之一值层 
Test coil 检测线圈 
Test quality level 检测质量水平 
Test ring 试环 
Test block 试块 
Test frequency 试验频率 
Test piece 试片 
Test range 探测范围 
Test surface 探测面 
Testing,ulrasonic 超声检测 
Thermal neutrons 热中子 
Thermocouple gage 热电偶计 
Thermogram 热谱图 
Thermography, infrared 红外热成象 
Thermoluminescent dosemeter(TLD) 热释光剂量计 
Thickness sensitivity 厚度灵敏度 
Third critiical angle 第三临界角 
Thixotropic penetrant 摇溶渗透剂 
Thormal resolution 热分辨率 
Threading bar 穿棒 
Three way sort 三档分选 
Threshold setting 门限设置 
Threshold fog 阈值灰雾 
Threshold level 阀值 
Threshotd tcnet 门限电平 
Throttling 节流 
Through transmission technique 穿透技术 
Through penetration technique 贯穿渗透法 
Through transmission technique; transmission technique 穿透法 
Through-coil technique 穿过式线圈技术 
Throughput 通气量 
Tight 密封 
Total reflection 全反射 
Totel image unsharpness 总的图像不清晰度 
Tracer probe leak location 示踪探头泄漏定位 
Tracer gas 示踪气体 
Transducer 换能器/传感器 
Transition flow 过渡流 
Translucent base media 半透明载体介质 
Transmission 透射 
Transmission densitomefer 发射密度计 
Transmission coefficient 透射系数 
Transmission point 透射点 
Transmission technique 透射技术 
Transmittance,τ 透射率τ 
Transmitted film density 检测底片黑度 
Transmitted pulse 发射脉冲 
Transverse resolution 横向分辨率 
Transverse wave 横波 
Traveling echo 游动回波 
Travering scan; depth scan 前后扫查 
Triangular array 正三角形阵列 
Trigger/alarm condition 触发/报警状态 
Trigger/alarm level 触发/报警标准 
Triple traverse technique 三次波法 
True continuous technique 准确连续法技术 
Trueattenuation 真实衰减 
Tube current 管电流 
Tube head 管头 
Tube shield 管罩 
Tube shutter 管子光闸 
Tube window 管窗 
Tube-shift radiography 管子移位射线透照术 
Two-way sort 两档分选 
Ultra- high vacuum 超高真空 
Ultrasonic leak detector 超声波检漏仪 
Ultrasonic noise level 超声噪声电平 
Ultrasonic cleaning 超声波清洗 
Ultrasonic field 超声场 
Ultrasonic flaw detection 超声探伤 
Ultrasonic flaw detector 超声探伤仪 
Ultrasonic microscope 超声显微镜 
Ultrasonic spectroscopy 超声频谱 
Ultrasonic testing system 超声检测系统 
Ultrasonic thickness gauge 超声波测厚仪
Ultraviolet radiation 紫外辐射 
Under development 显影不足 
Unsharpness 不清晰 
Useful density range 有效光学密度范围 
UV-A A类紫外辐射 
UV-A filter A类紫外辐射滤片 
Vacuum 真空 
Vacuum cassette 真空暗盒 
Vacuum testing 真空检测 
Vacuum cassette 真空暗合 
Van de Graaff generator 范德格喇夫起电机 
Vapor pressure 蒸汽压 
Vapour degreasing 蒸汽除油 
Variable angle probe 可变角探头 
Vee path V型行程 
Vehicle 载体 
Vertical linearity 垂直线性 
Vertical location 垂直定位 
Visible light 可见光 
Vitua limage 虚假图像 
Voltage threshold 电压阈值 
Voltage threshold 阈值电压 
Wash station 水洗工位 
Water break test 水膜破坏试验 
Water column coupling method 水柱耦合法 
Water column probe 水柱耦合探头 
Water path; water distance 水程 
Water tolerance 水容限 
Water-washable penetrant 可水洗型渗透剂 
Wave 波 
Wave guide acoustic emission 声发射波导杆 
Wave train 波列 
Wave from 波形 
Wave front 波前 
Wave length 波长 
Wave node 波节 
Wave train 波列 
Wedge 斜楔 
Wet slurry technique 湿软磁膏技术 
Wet technique 湿法技术 
Wet method 湿粉法 
Wetting action 润湿作用 
Wetting action 润湿作用 
Wetting agents 润湿剂 
Wheel type probe; wheel search unit 轮式探头 
White light 白光 
White X-rays 连续X射线 
Wobble 摆动 
Wobble effect 抖动效应 
Working sensitivity 探伤灵敏度 
Wrap around 残响波干扰 
Xeroradiography 静电射线透照术 
X-radiation X射线 
X-ray controller X射线控制器 
X-ray detection apparatus X射线探伤装置 
X-ray film 射线胶片 
X-ray paper X射线感光纸 
X-ray tube X射线管 
X-ray tube diaphragm X射线管光阑 
Yoke 磁轭 
Yoke magnetization method 磁轭磁化法Zigzag scan 锯齿扫查 
Zone calibration location 时差区域校准定位 
Zone location 区域定位


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